By Edouard Aldahdah
Posted on December 9th, 2010 in General
I now realize that I’ve never listed tail female asil Arabian lines in the USA in one place before. I want to make up for this omission. As “Straight Egyptian” horses constitute the overwhelming majority of asil Arabians in this country (more than 95%??), I thought I’d list the Straight Egyptian female lines in a later blog entry. Here’s the list, by strain, and you can click on the name of the original mare to learn more about her:
1) *Nufoud, Kuhaylat al-‘Ajuz, imported the USA in 1931, from the House of Saud.
2) *Reshan, Kuhaylah Hayfiyah (branch of al-‘Ajuz), imported to the USA in 1906, bred by the Fad’aan (‘Anazah)
3) Rodania, Kuhaylah Rudaniyah (branch of al-‘Ajuz), imported to the UK in 1881, bred by the Ruwalah (‘Anazah).
4) *Werdi, Kuhaylat al-Krush, imported to the USA in 1906, from a line originally tracing the Sba’ah (‘Anazah).
5) *Turfa, Kuhaylat al-‘Ajuz, imported to the USA in 1941, from the House of Saud.
6) Basilisk, Saqlawiyah Jadraniyah, imported to the UK in 1879, bred by the Sba’ah (‘Anazah)
7) Kariban, Saqlawiyah Jadraniyah, imported to Argentina in 1898, bred by the Ruwalah (‘Anazah)
8- *Urfah, Saqlawiyat al-‘Abd, imported to the USA in 1906, bred by the Wuld Sulayman (‘Anazah)
9) Wadduda, Saqlawiyat al-‘Abd, imported to the USA in 1906, bred by the Fad’aan (‘Anazah)
10) Bint Helwa, Saqlawiyah Jadraniyah, imported to the UK in 1897, from a line originally tracing to the ‘Anazah.
11) Ferida, Ma’naqiyah Sbailiyah, imported to the UK in 1891, bred by the Shammar.
12) Haidee, Ma’naqiyah Sbailyah, imported to the UK in 1874, bred the Sba’ah (‘Anazah).
13) Lebnanieh, Ma’naqiyah Sbailiyah, imported to the USA in 1947, from a line originally tracing to the ‘Anazah.
14) *Layya, ‘Ubayyah, imported to the USA in 1947, from a line origianlly tracing to the ‘Anazah.
15) *Mahraa, ‘Ubayyah, imported to the USA in 1950, from the House of Saud.
16) *Abeyah, ‘Ubayyah Sharrakiyah, imported to the USA in 1906, bred by the Shammar.
17) *Al-Hamdaniah, Hamdaniyah, imported to the USA in 1947, from the House of Saud.
18) Halwaaji, Hamdaniyah Simriyah, imported to the USA in 1960, from the House of Saud.
19) *Samirah, Hamdaniyah Simriyah, imported to the USA in 1931, from the House of Saud.
20) Sobha, Hamdaniyah Simriyah, imported to the UK in 1891.
21) *Sindidah, Hamdaniyah, imported to the USA in 1966, from the House of Saud.
22) *Galfia, Hamdaniyah Simriyah, imported to the USA in 1893, bred by the Bani Sakhr.
23) *Hadba, Hadbat Inzahi, imported to the USA in 1906, from the Shammar.
24) *Sawannah, Dahmah, imported to the USA in 1954, from the House of Khalifah of Bahrain
25) *Bint Attebe, Sa’dat Tuqan, imported to the USA in 1950.
So, all in all there are 25 asil lines still represented in the tail female in the USA today. That number needs to be clarified. It does not correspond to the Al Khamsa tail female lines in the USA.
Two additional European lines, that of 25-Amurath Sahib from Hungary (Kuhaylan Shaykhan), and that of Soldateska (no strain recorded) from Germany, have Al Khamsa tail female descendants in other countries, but not in the USA, so they are not represented here. Including these two would bring the total to 27.
Conversely, this list here includes tail female asil lines that are not (for some, not yet) included in Al Khamsa, which is why they have been italicized in the list above. These are the lines of *Lebnanieh (n. 13 above) and *Bint Attebe (n. 25 ), each of which is represented in the USA by one elderly mare only. There is a proposal pending before Al Khamsa to include the descendants of *Lebnanieh in the Roster, but the remaining mare and a related stallion from that line need to be located. Excluding these two would bring back the number of asil tail female lines back to 23.
Finally, there is a precious line that was sadly lost to Al Khamsa in the 1960s, but still exists outside Al Khamsa in conjunction with the stallion *Nureddin II (Rijm x Narguileh) who is not accepted by Al Khamsa. This is a line that traces to the mare *Abeyah. I personally accept the asil credentials of Nureddin II, so I have included this tail female line in the list above under n. 16. Take this line out, and you will end up with the number of non-Straight Egyptian tail female lines currently represented in the USA. That number is now 22.
Egyptian tail female lines will be listed separetely, as mentioned above. However, two lines of those included above are represented in Straight Egyptian breeding, too, through other branches: these are the lines of Bint Helwa (n. 10) and Rodania (n. 3).
Now, a few comments on this figure of 25 asil, non-Straight Egyptian tail female lines left in the USA. It might seem like its a lot, expecially when compared to the 15 Straight Egyptian tail females which will be listed later. But it isn’t. Many of these lines, such as n. 7, 13, 14, 19 and 25 are represented by one or two mares only, and so are on the verge of extinction. Others are reprensented by less than 10 mares: lines 1, 11, 16, 20, 21, 23 and 24 fall in that category. Which means that most lines are in real danger of being lost.
Another observation is the number of lines that originate from the ‘Anazah tribe: 11 out of 25. Rather than an indication of the number of mares with the ‘Anazah, this large proportion is a reflection of the easy access foreigners had to cities like Aleppo and Damascus, close to the summer pastures of the ‘Anazah of North Arabia. The horses of the House of Saud come next in numbers: 7 out of 25. This number is a reflection of the intensity of the relations between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and early American businessmen and oil firm employees. Note that for the purposes of this discussion, the horses bred by Prince Ibn Jiluwi, Governor of eastern Saudi Arabia in the 1930s, have been listed under those bred by the House of Saud. The reason for this is that the founder of the Jiluwi family, Jiluwi ibn Turki, was a brother of Faisal ibn Turki, of the House of Saud. Note that some horses labeled as being from the House of Saud, could have been bred by the ‘Anazah (or any other tribe, for that matter; e.g. the stallion *Taamri).