By Joe Achcar
Posted on November 16th, 2008 in General
The first Saudi Arabian Stud book was issued in 1991 by the “Dirab Arabian Horse Center” later named the King Abdul-Aziz horse Center. In 1935 Dr. Mabrouk of the Royal Agricultural Society of Egypt, traveled to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on a horse-buying mission. He wrote about and took pictures of the horses he saw, from the stud of Prince Faysal in Taif near the Red Sea to the stud of Ibn Jiluwi stud near the Persian Gulf. As I’m now in Beirut and the book is in my stables in Damascus ,a post will follow with pictures from Dr. Mabrouk’s trip (if they are good) inshallah.
In 1936 a lot of Saudi horses died of a horsesickness, so King Abdul-Aziz received as a present a lot of mares and stallions of Syrian origin,especially from Ibn Mehayd, the sheikh of the Fad’aan Bedouins,
Looking at Volume I of the Saudi Arabian studbook one notices the following :
The strains are Hamdani Simri, Kuhaylan Abu Arqub, ‘Ubayyan al-Saifi, Kuhailan Suwayti al Firm, Kuhaylan al-Sekti, etc. Saqlawis are very rare.
A quick survey of the 1980’s Saudi mares gives the following:
Daughters of Safeer (100) a Hamdani Semri: 474 Farasha Kuhaila Sowaitia; 476 Soad Kuhaila Um Arqub; 481 Afeefa Kuhaila Sowaitia; 503 Najat Hamdania Semria; 508 Nada Hamdania Semria; 510 Shahanda Hamdania Semria; 520 Aziza Hamdania Semria
Daughters of Eidan (263) a Kuhailan Sowaiti al Firm: 544 Sameeha Obeya al Saifi; 557 Kahraman Sowaitia al Firm; 563 Abla II Obeya al Saifi; 565 Faheema Sowaitia el Firm; 570 Dalal Obeya al Saifi; 571 Azeema Obeya al Saifi; 575 Qasma Sowaitia el Firm; 583 Khoolood Obeya al Saifi; 594 Kayda Obeya al Saifi; 597 Haleema II Sowaitia el Firm; 600 Lafya Obeya al Saifi; 612 Reehana Sowaitia el Firm; 633 Mozna Sowaitia el Firm; 657 Fayhaa Sowaitia el Firm; 699 Jumaa Umm Arkub; 747 Ameena II Umm Arkub; 790 malika Hamdania Semria
Daughters of Mobarak (349) Siklawi Gidrani: 651 Leena Hamdania Semria; 653 Mabrooka III Obeya al Saifi; 683 El Majrooha Koheila el Sekti; 694 Fatat el Sharqiya Obeya al Saifi; 700 Rasama Umm Arqub; 725 Zuhriya UmmArqub; 739 Azba Obeya al Saifi; 808 El Hanouf Maanakia Sbeylia; 896 Hagir Sowaitia el Firm; 911 Seeda Obeya al Saifi
I suspect that the Hamdaniat, the Umm Arqub and the Sbeylia are originated from the Syrian mares.
Horse exported to the USA according to Vol.I
Balsam. S. 1981 K. Abu Arqub : Qabeel (Qaroonx Tanta) EAO 1973 x Baseema 208.
Bint el Shiiokh .M.1984 Qabeel x Salha 350.Siklawia Gidrania
This was the situation in 1991. Are all these Asil horses are still preserved until now ? we should ask the Saudi Arabian Stud Book authorities.
Al Wadah 1996 Kuhaylan Abu Arqub of pure Saudi breeding; Qais x Rasama (tracing to Baseema. 208. 1965); photo taken from the Asil Arabian Horse book.