An early photo of the Davenport stallion Letan, a Hamdani Ibn Ghurab

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on January 28th, 2016 in General

I had not seen this photo of Letan (*Muson x *Jedah) before, but now I understand who some of the pretty faced grey Davenport stallions, like Tantris CF, and Quatrain CF, took after. It comes from Dharebah, through Dhrareb, a son of Letan.


Thalia’s Front Hooves: 2wks and the Rehab is happening

By Jeannie Lieb

Posted on January 21st, 2016 in General


These photos illustrate how the horse grows a new hoof with correct mechanics if it is set up by the trimmer to heal itself.

Thalia’s front hooves were first trimmed by me 2 weeks ago on January 12.  I waited 2 weeks and did a touch-up trim on those front hooves today and took new photos.  I am very pleased with her progress.  She has a long way to go but good stuff is happening.

Of particular note please notice how the hairline is starting to achieve a smooth straight slope to the ground if viewed laterally (from the outside).   The bulge in the hairlines in both the right and left front heels will not disappear until a tighter laminae connection is made further down the hoof wall as it grows out.  This tighter connection will “lift” the coffin bone back into the correct position within the hoof capsule , lowering the now elevated back wings of the coffin bone and leveling the bottom of the coffin bone,  and she will achieve concavity and straight hairlines  in her front hooves as this happens.

A couple of things in her favor for a sooner rather than later recovery, she has very strong bulbs and frogs at the back of her hooves on all 4 hooves.  This allows me to continue to lower the heel hight on the front to help get the coffin bone back level with the ground (or close to it).  I’m only lowering those heels and the frog approximately 1/8th inch every 2 weeks.  She no doubt has has high heels for a lifetime and she needs time to stretch those tendons.

In addition to having a strong rear part of the hoof it is winter.  And the cold temps help keep any inflammation under control as I alter her mechanics.  She is the one wishing for lots of snow!!!

Please also note that you cannot heal laminitis without attending to the diet in addition to hoof mechanics.  She has been placed on a low sugar and low starch, < 10%,  basically hay diet (I have my hay tested so I know it is low sugar and low starch) with just the supplements she needs to balance the major and trace minerals in the hay.

She is doing splendidly.  I couldn’t be happier with her progress.  She was a total peach for the quick trim I did today.   These laminitic horses can be hard to trim because bearing full weight on one of those fronts is painful for them.  The fact she wasn’t pulling away today says we are headed in the right direction!

Laminits and And The Consequences: Thalia

By Jeannie Lieb

Posted on January 14th, 2016 in General

Thalia’s hooves. Where do I begin?

I knew she’d had laminitis (active) in mid-October 2015 due to eyewitness reports. What I’ve discovered, now that she is with me, is she has been having laminitis attacks, off and on, for at least a year. And without supportive care. The coffin bones (P3) in her front hooves have descended so close to the ground that if the compacted sole on the bottom of her hooves were removed (which I’d normally do) her coffin bone would penetrate right through the live sole. What this means is that she has had attack after attack after attack of laminitis and her laminae have torn apart all the way up to just short of the coronary band. Laminae are much like velcro in the way the sensitive tissue adheres to the insensitive horn of the hoof wall. This happens over time, a slow insidious degenerative process.

How am I so sure of this? The state of her hoof tells me this. First lets look at the outer wall.



Each one of those rings represents a laminitis attack. Rings in and of themselves don’t necessarily say “laminitis”, however this clue, along with the angle of her hoof wall and the sole of her hoof scream laminitis, and not just one episode either.

Here is a look of that same hoof from the side.


This photo shows the only tight connection of her sensitive inner hoof to the hoof capsule occurs in the top 1/2 inch of that hoof wall starting at the coronary band. The blue line shows the angle the hoof wants to grow at in order to maintain the connection of the outer wall with the inner coffin bone. The angle of growth from the coronary band tells you the angle of the coffin bone within.

The red line shows where the laminae have separated inside and resulted in what is known as flare. The triangle formed by theses two lines represents “dead” tissue inside the hoof capsule known as the lamellar wedge. The yellow line shows how long her heels are and how far forward from the back of her hoof the ground contact with the heels is. The pushed up hairline represents both the steep angle of the coffin bone and also the excessive pressure of the quarter area of the hoof on the lateral cartilages inside the hoof.

From Pete Ramey’s site this film shows what the coffin bone angle would look like inside Thalia’s hoof.


Below is what the lateral view of a front hoof should look like.


Take note of the low heels, the angle of the wall and the angle of the hairline.

Now let’s look at the underside of  Thalia’s hoof. It is always a challenge to show in a picture what I can see with my eyes.


In order to try and show how the sole of her hoof is convex instead of concave I used the rasp flat across her hoof lightly to show that the only places the where the rasp touched were the outer edges of her sole, just barley the tips of her heels, and the medial (inside) wall in a couple of places. You can also see the extreme separation of hoof capsule from the inner hoof in this picture. The separation you see here is not the result of white-line disease. Meaning white-line disease is a result of rotation and laminae death not the cause of the  separation in this case. The yellow lines in this picture show the length of her heels as viewed from the bottom of the hoof. On a good note she has a nice strong and un-compromised frog.

However, her coffin bone is right at ground level instead of snug up inside the hoof capsule. Hence the bulging sole. Here is another picture from the site showing what it looks like inside the hoof when this happens.


Her left front hoof looks just as compromised as her right front and her resting stance and walking movement tell me her right front is the more painful of the two front hooves.

Meet Thalia CF 1992gm, Davenport, A Rehabilitation Project

By Jeannie Lieb

Posted on January 9th, 2016 in USA

Thalia CF 1992gm

Meet Thalia CF, a 23yo 100% Davenport mare of very old lines whom Edouard stepped up to give a home to and also hopes to get a foal from in the future. He officially became her owner when I recently picked her up in Virginia and brought her to my place for “rehabilitation”.

All Edouard and I knew about the mare aside from her pedigree, before picking her up, was her age and that she’d had laminitis (founder) in the early fall of 2015. We had seen a couple of pictures of her taken by friends who visited the farm where she lived with her then owner. They had noted Thalia, at that time, resting in a laminitic stance. This resting stance is recognized by the front legs being extended out in front of the body to take weight off the toes, and the hind legs camped under the body to support the weight of the body. This was in mid-October 2015.

Thalia had recovered from that laminitic episode enough to be safely trailered by the time I picked her up on December 28, 2015.

What I saw when she was led out to the trailer, for her trip to my place, was a mare showing classic symptoms of PPID (pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction) also known as Cushing’s Disease. To learn about the symtomatic presentation of this condition visit the link:

What is PPID?

“ PPID = pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction = Cushing’s Disease. It is caused by loss of neurons in the brain, originating in the hypothalamus, that send nerve endings down to the pituitary where they release dopamine. Dopamine inhibits/controls the release of the hormones that are elevated in PPID.”(1)

Thalia has a very long, thick coat despite living in a mid-Atlantic state. She has a “beginning to sag” belly, and she has fat pads all over her body even though her ribs are visible through that thick heavy coat. So not only is she presenting as PPID she is also presenting as IR (Insulin Resistant) which is why she has the fat pads.

What is IR?

“Insulin Resistance (IR) is characterized by a loss of insulin sensitivity at the cellular level. The insulin resistant horse is carbohydrate intolerant and the degree of insulin resistance can be assessed and measured as part of the diagnosis and recovery process.”(2)

Photographing white horses in an attempt to show everything one can see with their eyes is difficult. Which is why there were no obvious clues about her issues from the October pictures.

This is Thalia photographed using the flash on Jan 3, 2016 around 7:00pm.


I can see her ribs outlined in her coat, the fat pads on her shoulders and her neck, harder to see the fat pads on her hindquarters.

Now without the flash.


I’ve only noted a very “few” of the fat pads she actually has. In this next photo I’m pinching the fat pad on her neck in front of her withers.


The gold standard for diagnosing PPID and IR is blood work. The ACTH blood test is used for diagnosing PPID and a glucose and insulin measurement from a separate single draw of blood is used for diagnosing IR. These tests will be done, depending upon how she responds to diet changes over the next two months, when the vet is out in late February to sedate Elegance for her next dental visit.

I found out from her previous owner that he did not believe in vaccinations or in chemical wormers. He did feed diatomaceous earth to try and control parasites. However there is no scientific evidence this is effective.

It is possible that Thalia’s “unthrifty” condition, extended belly, ribby appearance and overt-thick coat is due to worm overload. She will be wormed using the rescue horse worming protocol of 3 – once a month doses of ivermectin with one of those 3 doses containing praziquantel for tape worm. I want to give her a couple of weeks to settle in before beginning the worming protocol.

While she may not have PPID I am sure she will test positive for IR.



Hay Analysis: What the output looks like

By Jeannie Lieb

Posted on January 8th, 2016 in General

Hay Analysis Example

Above on the left is the relevant portion of the output provided you by Equi-Analytical for their (601) Equi-Tech hay analysis.  For purposes of education I also added a test for Selenium (not part of the Equi-Tech analysis). I already know I live, and my hay comes from, a selenium deficient area of the United States (and Canada where this hay came from).  On the right side is a portion of the spreadsheet I have for analyzing the diet in total,including all feeds and supplements.   I’ve selected just the hay portion for the purposes of this post.  It shows what 20lbs of hay/day provides the horse.  20lbs/9kg per day is what you would feed a 1000lb/454kg horse if feeding at 2% of desired body weight.

As you can note from the analysis on the right,  this hay provides way too much Iron (Fe) and Manganese(Mn) at a gram each and not near enough Copper (Cu) or Zinc (Zn) to combat excessive uptake of those two potentially toxic minerals.  How do I know there is too much Fe and Mn and not enough Cu or Zn?  I’ve used  the National Research Council Nutrient Requirements of Horses, 6th Edition to create my spreadsheet with modifications suggested by  Dr. Eleanor Kellon VMD .

You can also note that 20lbs/9kg of hay only supplies 0.2mg of Selenium.  Adult horses require between 2-3mg/day of Selenium.   Lack of sufficient dietary Selenium can result in hoof and neuromuscular issues in the horse.  Since Selenium can also be a toxic mineral, if in excess, it is important to understand what is dietarily required by the horse.

Dietary protein in this hay sample exceeds what is required by our 1000lb/454kg horse on a daily basis  but that is not a problem. Excess protein is eliminated via the urinary trace. What is does mean is feed concentrates (grain) are not needed to supplement the hay for protein elevation purposes.

The final point I would like to make regarding this hay is that it is an excellent hay for horses which do not uptake and use sugar correctly.  These types of horses are called IR (Insulin Resistant).  I have two of those in my care right now.  This is a mixed grass hay with little to no legume (clover or alfalfa)  in it.

Jamr at 3.5 years and Wadd at 4.5

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on December 29th, 2015 in General

Equally asil but very different.

edouard jamr

wadd edouard

Young friends

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on December 29th, 2015 in General

Stan, now 10 years old (big boy!) and Haykal, 5 months, are equally handsome and are good friends.

stan and haykal

Mouna, 2003 Shuwaymah mare in Tunisia

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on December 24th, 2015 in Tunisia

Walid’s mare, Mouna (Kesseb x Mamdouha by Ilamane), a 2000 grey, is one of the last, if not the last, asil Shuwaymah Sabbah in Tunisia (Tosca line back to Primevere, a foundation mare of the Tiaret Stud in Algeria).

She is special in that she is a younger mare that is very close to the desert (Barr, Cheikh El Ourbane, Mansoura are very close, and Bango and El Managhi are not far behind). She is also special in that she does not trace to Esmet Ali, who is ubiquitous in Tunisian breeding. She is also rich in bloodlines from the stud of French Navy Admiral Anatole Cordonnier, as it is very rare to find the blood of Cordonnier’s 1959 Ilamane (David x Berriane by Titan) so close up in modern Tunisian pedigrees.

Judging from the photos, Mouna looks like she is a strongly build, well-conformed, deserty mare of the style to be found in Syria before the civil war.



Walid is selling his mare, and wants her to remain in purist hands. If you know anyone who fits the criteria, please let him know.


Rishat Khudr al-Khawwaf

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on December 3rd, 2015 in Syria

Still digging into photo archives from ten years ago. These two pictures of the beautiful Rishah Shar’abiyah mare of Khudr al-Khawwaf, taken at sunset in October 2005 near Qamishli, Syria are one of them. Her dam is a daughter of al-Aawar, and the strain traces to the marbat of Hawwash al-Hatmi of the ‘Abdah clan of the Shammar.

rishat khodr

rishat khodr1


Al Ameer Dahess, Shuwayman Sabbah stallion in Syria

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on December 3rd, 2015 in Syria

This is one of the few photos I snapped of the young stallion Al Ameer Dahess (Dahess x Mari by al-Aawar) in Garhok, north-eastern Syria in 2005. He is the sire of the Syrian stallion in France Dahess Hassaka (below).

Al Amir Dahess


Fairytale Gizah

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on December 3rd, 2015 in Egypt

The hamlet of al-Talibiyah near Gizah in 1931. How did such beauty give way to ugliness? From the Facebook archives of Ahl Misr Zaman.


WAHO 2017 Conference is in Bahrain

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on November 23rd, 2015 in General

Check out the link here.

Bushra, Ju’aythiniyah from the Tahawi, now Al Khamsa mare

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on November 19th, 2015 in General

Yasser Ghanem’s beautiful and powerful Ju’aythiniyah mare, of Tahawi bloodlines and going back to the ‘Anazah Bedouins, is now Al Khamsa, since October 2015.


Nutrition: Dental Visit #2 Case Study Elegance CF 2001gm

By Jeannie Lieb

Posted on November 18th, 2015 in General

What a difference a dental visit makes!  Before I show pictures of Elegance’s teeth before and after her dental work, let me first show an equine dental numbering chart :

The Triadan system in the horse. Based on an image supplied by David Crossley


My previous post showed Elegance’s upper left premolars and molars having a 45 degree wear angle. Now, with her sedated and her head supported by a padded “Y” stand, I can show you pictures of her mouth before the equine dentist, Ron Panarelli EqDP, began his work.

GfbBeforeUpperMolars20151111 N

Her condition is called “Shear Mouth”. This is a condition that develops over years. They are not born with this and it is preventable.  Notice all the chewed hay stuck between her teeth on the left side and her cheek. Also notice how swollen the tissues on the inside of her left cheek look. This picture was taken AFTER a thorough rinsing of her mouth.

Here is what her lower jaw on the left side looked at before Ron began his work.


As you can see the angle of her lower molars and premolars is the mirror image of her upper molars and premolars.

Because the teeth on the left had worn to this pathologic condition, she was doing all her chewing on the right side of her mouth.


She attempted to use the left but she had no side to side motion on that side with the jaw being blocked from sliding across those upper teeth due to the excessive angle of the upper arcade. This lack of motion  which accounts for the wad of chewed hay (known as a quid) poking out the left side of her cheek.

There were also common equine dental problems on the right side of her mouth such as sharp points, hooks, and one ramp.  These problems caused both pain in chewing and also restricted the forward and backward motion of the lower jaw.  If a horse cannot move its jaw freely forward and backward and side to side when being ridden in any kind of bridle, bitless or with a bit, that lack of motion is going to cause the horse pain as the rider asks the horse to adjust its head carriage in response to pressure.

What was accomplished in this second visit:

  • Reduction of  excess transverse ridges (visit link equine dental procedures for a description ) on the surface of the teeth that are too tall or have a sharp point at the top. These ridges interfere with chewing by restricting front-to-back jaw motion and are unworn enamel and develop due to the soft diet domestic horses eat.
  • Removed all buccal (cheek side ) and lingual (tongue side) points (visit link common equine dental problems for picture and description ).
  • Removed 406 ramp ( visit link common equine dental problems for picture and description) .
  • Removed 111 hook (visit link common equine dental problems for picture and description).
  • Reduced buccal rim angle on upper left arcade (molars and premolars)
  • Contoured caudal (back of) 209 to rostal(front of) 211 to help with food flow past the piece of molar gone from 210.

This was the first of several visits where Elegance will require veterinarian attended sedation and the use of power driven dental instruments.  The equine dentist will visit her again in March 2016.

Elegance  still has a long way to go but even this little improvement has made her more comfortable.  She is brighter and she no longer requires her grain to be soaked so she can chew it.  She is even spitting out quids (chewed but not enough) hay from that left side of her cheek which she couldn’t do before the this dental work.



Mares and colt grazing this afternoon

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on November 16th, 2015 in General

To the left, “Lady” (CSA Baroness Lady), 1999 grey Ma’naqiyah Sbayliyah and her colt by Monologue CF, to the right, “Ginger” (DA Ginger Moon), 1998 chestnut Saqlawiyah Jadraniyah, barren from Bahraini Mlolshaan stallion. Below, the Ma’naqi colt, who is absolute stallion material. Compare with the last photo, feauting his sire Monologue CF







Belle this afternoon

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on November 16th, 2015 in General

Belle — Jadah BelloftheBall — is showing her pregnancy and looking good. I bet that’s thanks to the wonder diet you recommended for her, Jeannie Lieb. None of my other horses looked as good this afternoon.


The best blood in the world: Quamar El Leil, asil Arabian stallion from Algeria

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on November 11th, 2015 in General

When growing up in the Middle East, I would always look forward to the prospect of hearing the whinny of stallions in the stables, farms and racetracks, and it was an integral part of the experience of turning stallions loose in paddocks.

Seeing this video brought this experience back to mind. It also made me realize how “quiet” and “muted” the stallions I have recently been around are. This superb 2009 stallion, Quamar El Lail (Ratib x Mascara by Larabi out of Saguia by Guercif — sire line Bango, dam line Wadha, strain Jilfan Dhawi), is one of the last four (yes, four) Algerian asil Arabian horses, owned by the Algerian National Stud of Tiaret/Chaouchaoua. His pedigree is a succession of legends often featured on this blog in previous years: Bango, Ghalbane, Safita, Masbout, etc.

 Quamar el lail pur sang Arabe par Ratib Mascara
Posted by Haras National Chaouchaoua on Friday, October 17, 2014

Jean-Claude Rajot, who is very familiar with the asil Arabians of Algeria, tells me the whinnying is characteristic of the bloodlines of Quamar El Leil.

Another photo of the Krush mare of the ice cream man, Syria

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on October 31st, 2015 in General

kuhaylah al-krush of ice cream seller 5

Broodmares at Craver Farms in 2002

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on October 29th, 2015 in General

Pirouette CF in the center (and the center of my interest back then), Wisteria to the right, turning her back and acting like the aloof princess she is, and unidentified chestnut mares at Craver Farms in 2002. Click to enlarge.

broodmares at cf 2002

Brassband CF with Charles and Jeanne Craver in May 2002

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on October 29th, 2015 in General

brassband charles and jeanne

Brassband in 2002 at Craver Farms

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on October 29th, 2015 in General

I am not sure I posted this  photo before, but it shows Brassband (Plantagenet x Tyrebah) at Craver Farms, with my father in 2002. Click to enlarge.



Another photo of Flourishes CF

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on October 28th, 2015 in General


With owner Gail Wells.

Enter Flourishes CF

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on October 27th, 2015 in General

One of the most striking stallions bred at Craver Farms is the 2001 grey Flourishes CF (Lydian x Fragrance by Regency) with Randal Abler and Gail Wells in Georgia. Jeanne Craver, Jenny Krieg and Darlene Summers who saw him on the way back from the Al Khamsa Convention In Floriad were all taken by him. Jeanne even said that he looked like those paintings of the legendary Weil stallion Bairactar. I never saw him but the photos below, by Jeanne and Darlene, are a testimony to that.






Vice Regent CF last week

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on October 24th, 2015 in General

Vice Regent CF (Regency x Violetta by Salutation) is the sire of my Jamr, out of Jadiba. He will be 24 years old now. Photos by Jeanne Craver last week. He looks regal. I love that big eye (wish Jamr had inherited that).




The regretted Carver DE, asil Saqlawi Jadran stallion

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on October 23rd, 2015 in General

Carver DE, a Saqlawi Jadran stallion of old Doyle/Crabbet lines, gone too soon. Photo by Lucy Doyle.

Carver DE