Saqlawieh Dhabiya at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 23rd, 2017 in Bahrain

Saqlawieh Dhabiya 1621, grey mare, born 2010, by Obeyaan Al Muheeb 957 out of Saqlawieh Manaar 1246

Old Suq of Aleppo

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on March 21st, 2017 in General

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Origin of the Egyptian Kuhaylan Khallawi strain of Futna

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on March 21st, 2017 in Egypt

Sheykh Tahawi Saeed Mejalli al-Tahawi who is in his nineties was interviewed recently by Yehia Abdel-Satar Eliwa al-Tahawi. The old man, who is the memory of the Tahawi clan of Egypt, told him that the original Kuhayla Khallawiyah mare had come to Shaman Ghumah al-Tahawi from the Mawali Bedouins.

I had hypothesized this connection of the Futna line to the Mawali tribe some seven years ago on this blog, here. It is now confirmed. This makes the Egyptian Kuhaylan Khallawi strain of Bint Futna one of the most prestigious strains of Northern Arabia, that of Khallawiat al-Nesswan [“of the women”, not sure why they are called this way].

A branch of the Mawali leading family, the Aal al-‘Aabed, who had settled in Damascus, and provided Syria with its first president, Muhammad ‘Ali al-‘Aabed, owned a Khallawi line that survived in Asil form until the late 1990s, in both Lebanon and Syria.  I owned the last such mare in old age. These were quite the race horses.

When Ottoman Sultan ‘Abd al-Hamid was on his way from Istanbul to Mecca on pilgrimage, he was hosted by the leader of the Mawali Bedouins near Hama, in central Syria, and presented with a Khallawia mare. In Syria, these horses were widely thought to be worthy of kings.

While that Mawali branch of the strain disappeared in Syria and Lebanon, it’s heartening to know it survived in Egypt. Below, the 2000 mare Rowayah, tracing to Futna through Fahda. You get what I mean.

 

Shuwaimeh Al Zubarah at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 21st, 2017 in Bahrain

Shuwaimeh Al Zubarah 1292, grey mare, born 2002, by Hamdaany Nejd 850 out of Shuwaimeh Menwah 905 and her bay colt Shuwaiaan 1792 by Mlolshaan Wesam 1371

Krayaan 1706 at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 19th, 2017 in Bahrain

Krayaan 1706, grey stallion, born 2014, by Mlolshaan Wesam 1371 out of Kray Tameya´a 1399

Note on the ‘Ajman Bedouins of Eastern Arabia

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on March 19th, 2017 in General

According to their own histories and the reports of British agents, the ‘Ajman are a Yemeni Bedouin tribe with an ancestral homeland around the city of Najran, today in South-West Saudi Arabia, but historically a Yemeni city until 1934. Their parent tribe of Yam still live in the Najran area. They trace further back to the Hashed, the dominant tribal confederation in modern Yemen.

The ‘Ajman seem to have moved to the north-east first, to southern Najd around 1720 AD. Captain George F. Sadleir, the first Westerner to cross the Arabian Peninsula from shore to shore, encountered them in Eastern Arabia in 1819, and dated their settling thereto the end or the twelfth century Hijri, or around 1780. Around 1820, the ‘Ajman joined forces with Turki ibn ‘Abdallah, the 5th ruler of the Saud dynastty and the founder of the Emirate of Najd, which was seeking to reestablish control over Eastern Arabia, where the Shiite tribal emirate of the Bani Khaled held sway.

In 1823, a large tribal coalition led by the ‘Ajman defeated  the Bani Khalid and moved into their Eastern Arabian realm. The battle, known as al-Radhimah, reportedly lasted for three months, and unfolded over four phases: the first pitting the ‘Ajman on their own against the Bani Khalid and their allies from the ‘Anazah, Dhafeer and Subay’; the second, with the Mutayr joining the ‘Ajman, in exchange for promises of spoils and territorial gains; the third, with sections of the Suhul and the Dawaser joining the ‘Ajman but still failing to crush the Bani Khalid and their allies; and, the fourth, when reinforcements from the feared Yam Bedouins came all the way from Yemen to support their ‘Ajman brethens and finally tipped the balance in their favor. One more defeat at the hands of the Saudi troops of Faysal ibn Turki and his Subay’ allies in 1830 sealed the fate of the Bani Khalid nomads, who dislocated and disintegrated, some settling in al-Hasa towns and others moving northwards to what is today Iraq, Syria and Jordan.

On the elusive strain of Kuhaylan al-Kray

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on March 17th, 2017 in Bahrain, Saudi

In his 1936 book “Rihlah ila Bilad al-‘Arab” about his journey to Arabia in search for Arabian horses, Dr. Ahmad Mabrouk of the Royal Agricultural Society of Egypt mentioned two mares of the Kuhaylan al-Kray strain in the stud of Prince Saud ibn ‘Abdallah Ibn Jalawi, governor of the Eastern region of the then newly established Kingdom of Saudi Arabia [translation mine]:

“Krush al-Kray, golden chestnut, no white on the face, pretty head, nice legs but short neck, five years old, her dam the bay Kray, and her sire the bay ‘Ubayyan.”

“Bay Kray, white on the hind legs, pretty, eight years old, not to be mated.”

This seems to suggest that the strain of Kuhaylan al-Kray (or Karay), was actually an offshoot of the more famous strain of Kuhaylan al-Krush, but was not to be mated for some reason. As I came back from Bahrain where I saw representatives of this rare strain, I dug a bit deeper and found the following in the ‘Abbas Pasha Manuscript, in the section on Kuhaylat ibn Jarshan, the Jallabiyah:

“and we [several elders from the ‘Ajman testifying] mated her to Kuhaylan al-Karay, the horse of Ibn ‘Ulbah of Aal Mu’yid of Al ‘Ajman”

This reference constitutes the second instance of a connection of the Kray strain to Eastern Arabia, home to both Ibn Jalawi and the ‘Ajman Bedouins.

Another reference also from the Abbas Pasha Manuscript further anchors the strain with the ‘Ajman and also traces its origins to the Jawf area of north eastern Yemen, the original home of the ‘Ajman in the early part of the XVIIIth century. The reference occurs in the section on Kuhaylat ibn Waberah, the Shohayb:

“and we [Salem ibn Waberah of the ‘Ajman testfying] mated her a second time to Kuhaylan al-Karay from the horses of Al Jawf and she produced a black horse”

The two references to Kray breeding stallions are contemporary to each other and may be about the same horse. What is clear is that the strain follows the migrating trajectory of the ‘Ajman from their original home in the southwest corner of the Arabian Peninsula to Eastern Arabia.

The close connections between the ‘Ajman Bedouins and the ruling Aal Khalifah family of Bahrain, the only owners of this strain today, speak further to its connection to the ‘Ajman. The photo below is of a Kuhaylat al-Karay mare from the stud of Jenny Lees in the UK. Kray Mohammedia was bred in Bahrain by Sh. Mohammad Bin Salman Aal Khalifah, by Jellabi Al Ahmar Montasir out of Kray Manifah, who was by Jellaby Najib out of Shaykh Salman’s old Kray.

PS: Note that Aal Mu’yid is the ‘Ajman section from which the leading Hathleen clan comes from.

PPS: the Krush strain that is likely to be the original strain of the Kray also originates from that Jawf area, in the North West of Yemen.

Kuheila´t Aladiyat Wasamah at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 17th, 2017 in Bahrain

Kuheila´t Aladiyat Wasamah 1296, chestnut mare, born 2002, by Kuheilaan Aafas Rakaan 886 out of  Kuheila´t Aladiyat Ray Iaanah 809 and her chestnut filly born 2016 Kuheila´t Aladiyat 1782 by Shuwaimaan Sadeq

Kuheila´t Umm Zorayr Alia at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 16th, 2017 in Bahrain

Kuheila´t Umm Zorayr Alia 1612, bay mare, born 2010, by Maánaghy Mesbah 1101 out of Kuheila´t Umm Zorayr Mafkhara 1387 (the first mare I posted here) and her bay colt Kuheilaan Umm Zorayr 1776, born 2016

Kuheila´t Umm Zorayr Nadija at Royal Stud, Bahrian

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 14th, 2017 in Bahrain

Kuheila´t Umm Zorayr Nadija 1568, grey mare, born 2009, by Hamdaany Wadhah 901 out of Kuheila´t Umm Zorayr Zaraya 1036 and her colt Kuhailaan Umm Zorayr 1775, bay, born 2016, by Hamdaany Senafee 1381

 Two colts playing: Kuheilaan Um Zorayr 1775 (right) and Kuheilaan Um Zorayr 1776 (by Hamdaany Ra´an 1294 out of Kuheila´t Umm Zorayr Alia 1612)

Rabda Eshtahar at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 14th, 2017 in Bahrain

Rabda Eshtahar 1392, grey mare, born 2005, by Hamdaany Wadha 901 out of Rabda Hujaisieh 789

Hamdanieh Khawla at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 13th, 2017 in Bahrain

Hamdanieh Khawla 1637, grey mare, born 2011, by Shawaf Al Betaar 953 out of Hamdanieh Buttha 1198

Tuwaisah Ajla at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 13th, 2017 in Bahrain

Tuwaisah Ajla 1694, bay mare, born 2014, by Obeyaan Al Muheeb 957 out of Tuwaisa Sallamah 1072

Hamdaany Zaizoom at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 12th, 2017 in Bahrain

Hamdaany Zaizoom 1349, bay stallion, born 2004, by Saqlaawy Saba´an 327 out of Hamdanieh Khaznah 914

Kuheilaan Aafas at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 12th, 2017 in Bahrain

Kuheilaan Aafas 1708, bay stallion, born 2014, by Dhahmaan Hoobeishi 1085 out of Kuheila´t Aafas Nood 1086

Dahman strain back to Bahrain

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on March 11th, 2017 in Bahrain

I met Regina and Warren in Bahrain for the first time, after corresponding with them for seven years. They have been preserving the Dahman strain branch of the original Bahraini mare Sawannah in Germany, with their foundation mare Ghazalah (Ibn Taamrud x DB Jasidah by Desert Jalam) and her daughter Muharraq by Theeb. They also breed a Hamdani strain from Al Kamila (Desert Dhellal x Bint Amiraa).

The ancient Dahman strain died out in Bahrain with the death of Dahmeh Umm Wajnah, and is now only represented by a stallion, the last of his line, Dhahmaan Hoobeishi, whose photo Matthias Oster posted below. So the Royal Stud of Bahrain sought a replacement for their lost line, and Regina sent three mares, and now a fourth is on her way. When in Bahrain, Regina was gifted an Ubayyan stallion (photo below, with the ruler’s brother) who will hopefully reach Europe sometime next month.

 

Zayn al-Khayl

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on March 11th, 2017 in General

Zayn al-Khayl, a desert bred Rabdan stallion from the breeding of the Sheykh of Tay, was one of the main stallions in Syria before the war. He was something of a sensation. Everybody wanted to breed mares to him, and his daughters were superb, and correctly conformed as he was. He was standing at the farm of the sons of Mustafa Jabri when ISIS-affiliated thugs came and took him away, along with most of the herd.

Later on information filtered that he was kept in an ISIS-maintained stud in Albu Kamal, on the Euphrates valley near the Iraqi border crossing, and that he may have died there about six months ago.

I don’t know who took the photo and when it was taken.

 

The Hamdaniyah of Fadlallah Jirjis from Qassis

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on March 10th, 2017 in Syria

In the same vein as this note in 2014: Fadlallah Jirjis, a Syrian Christian from the area of Wadi al-Nasara, and a close friend of Dr. Iskandar Qassis, owned a precious Hamdaniyat al-Simri mare from the Qassis herd. He would never be tired of repeating that she was from the breeding of ‘Ajaj (Ajaaaaaaj as he would say it) ibn Shibib, one of the Sba’ah leading Shaykhs.

She was a bay daughter of Sahab, the beautiful bay Ma’naqi Abu Sayfayn head stallion of Qassis; her daughter Zabia, was by Qassis’ other stallion, Kharuf, a Ma’naqi Zudghum.

Ma’naqi Abu Sayfayn and Ma’naqi Zudghum are the two most precious branches of Ma’naqi Sbayli, the first from the Fad’an and the second from the Sba’ah.

Old Aleppo

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on March 9th, 2017 in General

أسواق حلب القديمة ، أسواق من ذهب قد ذهبMarkets of Old city of AleppoUnknown Artist and date

Posted by Aleppo Geographic on Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Jellaby Janah at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 9th, 2017 in Bahrain, General

Jellaby Janah 1683, chestnut stallion, born 2014, by Tuwaisaan Tha´atha´a 1251 out of Jellabieh Hathaari 1380

Musannaan Al Sabah at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 9th, 2017 in Bahrain

Musannan Al Sabah 1701, chestnut stallion, born 2014, by Mlolshaan Wesam 1371 out of Musannah Albushiya 1409, one of the rare chestnut horses in Bahrain

Ma´anaghieh Tabasheer and offspring at Royal Stud, Bahrain

By Matthias Oster

Posted on March 6th, 2017 in Bahrain

Ma´anaghieh Tabasheer 1057, grey mare, born 1997, by Musannaan Dinaar 866 out of  Maanaghieh Shalfa 774 and her filly Ma´anaghieh 1789 by Mlolshaan Wesam 1371:

Ma´anaghieh Ghada 1665, grey mare, born 2013, by Dahman Hoobeishi 1085 out of Ma´anaghieh Tabasheer 1057

Ma´anaghieh Maysa 1625, grey mare, born 2011, by Obeyaan Al Muheeb 957 out of Ma´anagieh Tabasheer 1057

Ma´anaghieh 1714, grey mare, born 2014, by Rabdan Sary Al Leil 1090 out of Ma´anaghieh Tabasheer 1057

Suwaiti Mamdooh

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on March 5th, 2017 in Bahrain

Suwaiti Mamdooh M671 at the stud of Sh. Muhammad B. Salma in Umm Jidr. From a strain recently received from Saudi Arabia after the original Bahraini line of Suwaitia Kuwaitia had died out. He looks different from the other Bahraini horses.

Photos Amanda Jane Smith.

Ubayyan Azheer

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on March 5th, 2017 in Bahrain

Ubayyaan Azheer M361 at the Stud of Sh. Muhammad B. Salman. Photo Amanda Jane Smith.

Mlolesh Wesaal

By Edouard Aldahdah

Posted on March 5th, 2017 in Bahrain

Mlolesh Wesaal M654 at the stud of Sh. Mohamed b. Salman. Photo courtesy Amanda Jane Smith.